Author Archives: irinashapiro

Boris Groys
“Going Public” (“Religion in the Age of Digital Reproduction”! )
Boris Groys (born 19 March 1947) is an art critic, media theorist, and philosopher.

Erich Fromm
(“The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere”, “The Theory of Communicative Action”)

Martin Heidegger
“the One” in Being and Time

Eric Hoffer
viewed as the consequences of a lack of self-esteem. Concerned about the rise of totalitarian governments, especially those of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin, he tried to find the roots of these “madhouses” in human psychology. He postulated that fanaticism and self-righteousness are rooted in self-hatred, self-doubt, and insecurity. As he describes in The True Believer, he believed a passionate obsession with the outside world or with the private lives of other people is merely a craven attempt to compensate for a lack of meaning in one’s own life

Wilkins was proposing a universal language based on a classification system that would encode a description of the thing a word describes into the word itself

Michel Foucault 
“History of Systems of Thought”

Theodor Adorno
Popular culture was identified as a reason why people become passive; the easy pleasures available through consumption of popular culture made people docile and content, no matter how terrible their economic circumstances. The differences among cultural goods make them appear different, but they are in fact just variations on the same theme. He wrote that “the same thing is offered to everybody by the standardised production of consumption goods” but this is concealed under “the manipulation of taste and the official culture’s pretense of individualism”.[15] Adorno conceptualised this phenomenon as pseudo-individualization and the always-the-same

has a lot of thoughts about private and public in his “philosophical investigations”

World Database of Happiness

Continuous register of scientific research on subjective appreciation of life

Among the international authors writing for Open are philosophers of culture, sociologists, media theorists, architecture and art critics and political scientists. Open also works together with artists and designers, often in the form of special supplements, and occasionally invites guest editors to produce issues.